Under the Adana agreement, Turkey has the right to drive PKK fighters up to 5 km (3 miles) inside the border with Syria – but they can`t stay long. Ankara accuses the Syrian regime of not complying with the agreement and says it must enter Syria to protect its borders from PKK member organization THE GPPG. “This agreement paves the way for Turkey to enter these territories in the event of an adverse event,” President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said, two days after meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin at a rally in the eastern province of Erzurum, reaffirming his willingness to fully implement the agreement. He stressed that Turkey`s military operations are in line with the January 2017 Astana agreement, in which Turkey, Russia and Iran are guarantors and are also cemented by the Sochi agreement between the three countries. Russia will encourage the Syrian government and Kurdish forces to reach agreements and implement them after a Turkish operation in northeastern Syria that began last week, RIA Lavrov quoted. Russia proposes that the agreement, if fully implemented, could resolve one of the most difficult disagreements in the Syrian conflict – the status of the YPG. The debate over the Adana agreement could be seen as the starting point for Turkey`s talks with Moscow on the safe zone. Erdoğan`s emphasis on the PKK`s capitulation to Turkey has also been remarkable. Let us be clear, this agreement was not limited to the capitulation of PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan to Turkey.

He called on Syria to treat the PKK as a terrorist organization, ban its activities and bring its members to justice. Apparently, earlier this week, Erdoğan invoked the Adana agreement in reference to the YPG, the Syrian branch of the PKK. The Adana agreement between then-Turkish President Süleyman Demirel and the late Syrian President Hafez al-Assad was again discussed in foreign policy circles last week, 21 years after it was signed. The main objective of the agreement was to restore bilateral relations between Syria and Turkey, although the Turkish delegation insisted that full normalization be achieved only if Syria met more demands, including stopping what Turkey considered “incitement by other Arab League member nations against Turkey” and cooperation during Öcalan`s arrest.