The idea of a global environmental pact is based on the recognition of the fragmentation of international environmental law. In the face of increasing threats to our environment, and fuelled by the dynamics of the Paris Agreement and the 2030 sustainable development agenda, we believe it is necessary to consolidate into a single text the various elements that make up international environmental legislation and to complement them in the face of new challenges. This initiative is complementary and different from the Paris Agreement, as it applies to all environmental problems, not just climate. It`s supposed to be open and inclusive. Iucn. IUCN World Declaration on the Rule of The Environment. Go to Oct 14, 2018. However, if it maintains (and, I hope, deepens) its environmental rights, because the character and designation of the pact will influence both its normative status and its centre of gravity, it must be clear whether it is above all a binding instrument for the defence of global human rights, with associated (secondary) IEL principles, which are necessary to comply, protect and comply with environmental legislation (and thus be part of the panopticon of the highest level of international rights balls), or whether it is a general comprehensive environmental agreement closer to a multilateral environmental agreement (MEA), which also contains substantial environmental legislation that works with other provisions. As we have said above, this issue is stylistic on one level, on the other, it is a question of substance and, above all, of the interpretation of the treaty.

The current iteration suggests that the Covenant as a whole can be explained in the most similar way to the latter, suggesting that this provision will be less likely to give a useful effect to the right to live in an ecologically sound environment as the newest legally established global human right. It is clear that the mere inclusion of such a right cannot be rejected for this reason, but its longer-term effects are undoubtedly influenced by the context (and other content) in which it occurs. Footnote 10 Between 1857 and 2012, 747 multilateral environmental agreements were concluded. [3] After the Intergovernmental Conference in Stockholm in 1972, the creation of international environmental agreements multiplied. [5] The United Nations has made MMAs popular, most MMAs have been implemented since 1972 at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference). [6] The Stockholm Declaration was adopted by the 113 countries attending the conference and was the first major universal document in an environmental issue. [6] An agreement between two nations is called a bilateral environmental agreement.