A novation in English law involves a “transfer” of both a party`s rights and its obligations under a contract to a third party, which means that the parties change. One of the parties “remains”, while the other party (the seller) is replaced by a new party (the buyer). This is achieved by extinguishing the original contract and replacing it with a new contract between the new parties, under which the rights and obligations of the assignor are assumed by the purchaser, while releasing the seller from these rights and obligations. The remaining party is in the same position as before the novation, it faces only another counterpart. As part of a fund restructuring (e.B. a “single fund” to a “master feeder” structural restructuring, the novation can be used to transfer entire books of the main brokerage activity from one fund to another, provided that the rights and obligations for the novation are appropriate. These transactions may typically involve a combination of novation and beneficial ownership reallocation (e.B. reallocation of “cash” securities positions). The Transferee Fund will be contracted under the same conditions as the Transferring Fund, provided that the principal dealer receives assurance that there has been a reasonable consideration for the market value between the Funds. Even if a contract expressly prohibits “transfers”, the subsequent written consent of all parties to the contract to allow novation replaces such a prohibition. However, due to an acquisition, merger or restructuring in which the prime broker is involved, novation may prove to be more difficult. The principle of redesigning rights and obligations (in addition to renaming beneficial ownership) can still work, the problem being that the receiving principal broker wants to take over the transferred business on its own main owner brokerage terms. While this is theoretically possible, it can become too complicated for practical purposes, as the challenge of documentation takes too long and leads to unclear contractual terms.

The remaining part is the permanent part in the most common type of innovation, triple novation. The consent of the rest of the party is required for an innovation to take place. Since the rights of the remaining party and the obligations to the seller arising from the old transaction have expired and have been replaced by identical rights and obligations to the customer, the remaining party will release the old transaction as a new transaction. F. Previous Transaction. The old transaction is the first transaction negotiated between the remaining party and the transfer and was carried out under an ISDA framework agreement. G. New Transaction.

In the case of an innovation, the new transaction is created at the same time after the deletion of the old transaction and has identical conditions to the old transaction (unless this is agreed between the parties and supported by the confirmation of the innovation). The fundamental principles of novation can theoretically be applied to any contract. However, practical aspects often lead to complications. It is generally possible to apply Novation to non-derivative asset classes, taking into account that novation deals with contractual rights and obligations and does not (for example) care about transfers of securities and guarantees. Novation procedures are also often limited by operational requirements. In this case, transfers can be made by a combination of novation and closing and reopening of positions. The 2002 ISDA novation agreement is often used to transfer rights and obligations in OTC derivatives transactions through Novation to a new counterparty. It is structured in such a way that the transfer of one or more individual transactions or groups of transactions from the ISDA Framework Agreement between the original parties to the ISDA Framework Agreement takes place between the new Parties. In this way, and in accordance with the isda architecture, the trades themselves move between two different government agreements.

It is also possible to renew the ISDA Framework Agreement and the underlying transactions by reformulating the ISDA Novation Agreement. All Prime brokers use their own proprietary Prime brokerage contracts that reflect their own internal political positions, operational imperatives, and the chosen legal design style. Alternatively, under ISDA`s documentation architecture, parties may novation by executing a novation confirmation, with novated transactions subject to the 2004 isda novation definitions. These definitions form the framework of the novation process and include a novation confirmation template that contains by reference the terms of a standard isda novation agreement. .