to formally agree to establish close relations with another country or organisation, unless a contract includes provisions for other agreements or measures, only the text of the treaty being legally binding. In general, an amendment to the Treaty only commits the States that have ratified it and the agreements reached at review conferences, summits or meetings of the States Parties are not legally binding. The Charter of the United Nations is an example of a treaty that contains provisions for other binding agreements. By signing and ratifying the Charter, countries have agreed to be legally bound by resolutions adopted by UN bodies such as the General Assembly and the Security Council. Therefore, UN resolutions are legally binding on UN member states and no signature or ratification is required. A series of international agreements that describe how human beings should be treated when they are prisoners of war are born of alliances based on attempts by states to maintain the balance of power between them. In a system composed of a number of medium-sized countries, such as that of Europe since the Middle Ages, no state is able to establish a lasting hegemony over all others, especially because other states unite to form alliances against them. Thus, the repeated attempts of King Louis XIV of France (governed in 1643-1715) to dominate continental Europe led to a coalition against France and finally to the war of the Great Alliance; and Napoleon`s ambitions were similarly thwarted by a series of alliances formed against him. Protection responsibility: A 2005 agreement between all UN member states to try to protect people from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity is a bilateral agreement or activity involving two or two groups. These three countries soon formed the axis, an offensive alliance that fought for world domination during World War II, with a defence alliance led by the United Kingdom, France, China and, from 1941, the Soviet Union and the United States. With the defeat of the Axis powers in 1945, the victorious Allies founded the United Nations (UN), a global organization dedicated to the principles of collective security and international cooperation. However, the United Nations coexisted ineffectively with the robust military alliances formed by the United States and the Soviet Union after the war in strict ideological lines.

In 1949, the United States and Canada joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) with Britain and other Western European countries, and in 1955, the Soviet Union and its Central and Eastern European satellites formed the Warsaw Pact after West Germany joined NATO. The rivalry between these two alliances, other conventional organizations created by the United States (for example. B the organization of the Treaty on Southeast Asia, the organization of the Central Treaty and the DEINS Pact) ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact in 1991. the Treaty on the European Union: an agreement reached in 1991 in the Dutch city of Maastricht, in which the Member States of the European Union agreed on plans for their future, including economic union and the introduction of the single currency. It came into force in 1993. Great Britain, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia have governed all countries (colonies) around the world. They wanted to keep their empires strong and they saw that other countries were adopting new territories as a threat. A 1998 agreement between the British and Irish governments, which made proposals for peace in Northern Ireland, was prevented from writing anything that did not support war. The IHR (2005) is an international agreement between 194 States Parties and the World Health Organization on surveillance, sunshine and response to all events that could pose a threat to international public health.