improving their attractiveness to businesses (Abu-Lughod, 1999); Gotham 2001, middle- and upper-class tourists (Gotham 2001) and high-income professionals (Peck 2005) have used a large number of private public inventions (e.g. B tax financing and business areas) to facilitate and subsidize private development, in the hope of achieving higher tax revenues through economic growth (Gotham 2001). For example, the City of Chicago has made considerable public funds and efforts to attract Boeing`s headquarters, build an “entertainment complex” in downtown Navy Pier, plan and build the United Center Professional Sports Arena, and expand the McCormick Place Convention Center (Repos 2001). Cities partly justify high public spending on “entertainment destinations” by the fact that benefits are “spilled” into the local economy while leading to ancillary investments [and] high employment opportunities in hotels and restaurants and retail,” while “bringing the necessary tax revenues” (Gotham 2001, 14). In some cases, community conditions resulting from a CBA may be included in an agreement between the local government and the developer. B, for example, a development agreement or a lease agreement. This regime gives the local government the power to enforce the terms of the agreement. Supporters of CBA argue that the community benefits approach improves the development process for the community, developers and local officials by creating a win-win overall scenario. [9] Some of the principles and objectives that CBA supporters want to promote are: The range of benefits offered by a CBA has been widely studied in the scientific literature,[15] as well as at conferences, to raise awareness among developers, local authorities and struggling communities.

[16] CBAs, created by a coalition of professional, community and religious organizations in Los Angeles, give community groups a voice in project design, push for project benefits that meet local needs, and give them legal authority to deliver on developers` promises. CBAs are different from other reforms we recommend because CBAs are not legislative – that is, they are voted on by a legislative body at the national or local level and applied to all subsidized projects under a program or jurisdiction — CBAs are legal agreements between two private parties (developers and community coalitions) negotiated separately for a particular project. Below is a fundamental statement on the benefits of the Community. To familiarize yourself with the details of how they work, please also read these resources: in response to these problems, the CBA model was created in the late 1990s as a way for communities most affected by economic development projects to participate in the planning process and ensure that existing communities have development benefits. [4] For developers, negotiations with community representatives can be an attractive way to get community support and advance their projects. Participation in CBA negotiations can eliminate surprises in the development approval process and allow developers to work with a unified coalition rather than having to involve community organizations one after the other. [5] Benefit collective agreements (CBAs) are complex multi-party contracts executed by several community organizations and one or more developers, including the requirement for developers to provide a number of collective benefits related to a proposed development project, and generally include the obligation for community organizations to support project approval.